Below are the different types/categories of asthma that exist today. The types of asthma:
• Extrinsic/Allergic Asthma;
• Intrinsic Asthma;
• Nocturnal Asthma;
• Occupational Asthma;
• Seasonal Asthma;
• Bronchial Asthma;
• Cough Variant Asthma.
It is estimated that the majority of asthmatics today suffer from allergic asthma. This condition is caused by allergens, which are substances that can cause an allergic reaction.
The main allergens that cause extrinsic asthma are pollen, wood dust, dust mites and pet dander. Usually people with this type of condition avoid these allergens, because they know they affect them, like me for example.
This type on the other hand is the complete opposite of extrinsic, which I guess you must have figured out by the ex- and in-. Intrinsic may be caused by cleaning agents,stress,laughter, severe cough, exercise, emotions, food and drinks, cold air and strong scents, for instance perfumes, deodorants or nail polish.
Best way to treat yourself, if you have this condition, is to try to avoid factors that can lead to flair ups and to try to manage as much as possible the stimuli that cannot be controlled.
It occurs at night time, when your condition affects you the most, usually between the hours of 2am and 4am. This may be different for some people and the number of times they wake up at night short of breath may vary. Sometimes I wake up to take my inhaler (usually around 6pm), but this does not happen to me everyday.
What I do, and recommend you do as well, is to take your advised dose of your inhaler just before you lay down to sleep. It really helps me, so give it a try!
What causes occupational asthma is wood dust, chemical fumes, dusty areas, fluff from fruits or other irritants. This usually affects people that work in such environments and over a long period of time start to suffer from these irritants,thus,develop occupational asthma.
This type is caused by a number of factors, such as flowers and grass released pollen into the atmosphere. Different climate also has an effect on some people, for example their condition might be worse in the spring than during the winter or the other way round. The season of flu viruses is another major triggering factor.
This is a disease of the lungs, in which the respiratory is obstructed by the irritants of the airways to various stimuli.
When the airways are irritated by stimuli, inflammation and mucus begin to develop causing the chest to tighten, which on the other hand leads to difficulties of gas exchange. This is followed by shortness of breath, symptoms of an attack or possibly an attack.
The above mentioned complications of our condition do not happen straight away. You may have no symptoms at all, because it takes time for the condition to get worse and for you to start experiencing any symptoms.
If you feel that your condition is not improving after using your inhaler, prepare yourself to go to the hospital if necessary.
Cough variant asthma is a dry cough that usually lasts for several days. With the build up of an attack, the airways react to allergens and environmental irritants and cause contracting spasms. Mucus and inflammation also develop, which makes it even harder to breath.
If you suffer from cough variant asthma, you will find that whenever you cough, you can breath a bit better. That is because the cough receptors in your lungs react to allergens and forces you to cough, which helps clear the airways. However, you might still feel chest tightening and have difficulties breathing.
The types of asthma listed above are the most common known today. There is also a possibility that there might be other types of asthma out there.